Print is what you read and write. Print includes letters, punctuation, and spaces between words and paragraphs, that translate into familiar spoken language. Also, learning the concepts that we read across the page from left-to-right and that we start at the front of a book and read towards the back.
The ability to recognize that words are made up of a discrete set of sounds and to manipulate those sounds. A child’s level of phonemic awareness is highly related to their success in beginning to read. Language is made up of individual words, those words are made up of syllables, and those syllables are made up of phonemes. A 5-year-old may have a hard time telling you how many syllables a word in but will be able to clap out the beats in a word. Phonemic awareness is an oral skill. A child can hear rhyming words or that “baby” and “book” start with the same sound or that there are three sounds that make up the word “hat.”
Concrete words are words that children usually know because they are important to them. These words may include their name, brands that they see often, or mom and dad. If a child can learn how to learn words, and the few words they can read gives them confidence that you can learn more words.
Letter Names and Sounds
The letter names and sounds children know come from the concrete words that they already know and can read and write. Many children learn some letter names and sounds through repeated readings of alphabet book and through making words with magnetic letters on the refrigerator.
I feel like this chapter was a great resource and how eye-opening it is to introduce students to literacy early in their lives. I would love to teach Pre-K or kindergarten one day so learning how to introduce students to the importance of reading and writing will be very helpful. I liked that one video where the teacher had a box of items and the students had to come and find something that started with the letter they were working on.
Listed are some additional resources about all the topics listed above as well as other helpful reading topics like fluency and comprehension. The most important thing to know is that the earlier you start reading to your child, the more successful they will be.